In 1943 the Army Air Force met with Lockheed. They needed a jet fighter to counter the rising German jet fighter threat. And they needed it fast. Clarence L. “Kelly” Johnson and his team of engineers designed and built the XP-80 aircraft in only 143 days. They went on to become famous for developing aircraft such as the U-2, SR-71, and F-117.
Kelly had 14 rules for how this new team of engineers needed to operate. At first glance it reads like good program and project management practices. Upon closer inspection you see how it changed the game in terms of collaborative problem solving.